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唐山简介
发布时间:2012年09月18日  发布人:系统管理员  浏览次数:
      An introduction to Tangshan
      In the central section of circum-Bohai Bay region lies the City of Tangshan with Bohai Sea to the south, Yanshan Mountain to the north, Qinhuangdao City to the east, Beijing and Tianjin to the west and it watches North Korea and South Korea over the Bohai Sea. Known as "The Treasured Land to the East of Beijing", Tangshan is a famous coastal city of heavy industry with a history of one hundred years. 
      Tangshan City, named after Hill Tangshan (now called Hill Dacheng) in the city proper, was officially established in 1928. It has jurisdiction over Zunhua City, Fengnan City, Qian'an City, Fengrun County, Luanxian County, Laoting County, Tanghai County, Qianxi County, Yutian County, Lunan District, Lubei District, Kaiping District, Guye District, New District, Lutai Farm and Hangu Farm. As one of the relatively large cities in China, Tangshan City covers an area of 13,472 sq. kms, including an urban area of 1,090 sq. kms, and has a total population of 7 million, including an urban population of 1.68 million. 
      Tangshan enjoys a favorable geographic location and abundant natural resources and exceptional advantages in development. The low mountainous and hilly area in the north abounds in such fresh and dry fruits as chestnuts, walnuts, apples, hawthorns, pears, peaches, grapes, etc. The "Jingdong Chestnuts" is well known both at home and abroad. The central plain area abounds with such agricultural and sideline products as maize, wheat, rice, cotton, peanuts, vegetables and so on. For this reason, it is called "The Granary in the East of Hebei Province". The coastal area in the south is the important fishing ground at Bohai Bay and the producing base of "Changlu Salt." 
      Tangshan is rich in mineral resources. Up to now, 47 kinds of mineral deposits have been discovered and verified. Tangshan has workable coal reserves of 6.25 billion tons and that of iron ore 5.75 billion tons, making it the main base of coking coal production and one of the 3 biggest producers of iron ore in China. Besides, there are also rich reserves of limestone, petroleum, natural gas, gold, silver, manganese, lead, zinc, quartz, mica phosphorus and so on. 
      Tangshan enjoys many tourist landscapes with unique styles and features. The East Mausoleum of Qing Dynasty is the existing largest one in China with the most complete architectural system. There are also many other famous natural and manmade landscapes such as Mount Jingzhong, Panlong Lake, the underwater section of the Great Wall, Puti Island, the Jinyintan Beach, Li Dazhao Park, etc., which attract a great number of tourists from home and abroad every year. 
      Tangshan has a solid economic foundation and strong capabilities in terms of development and opening up to the outside world. Since 1989, it has ranked among the cities in China whose GDP exceed 10 billion RMB. In 2000, Tangshan's GDP hits 91.5 billion yuan and Tangshan has become one of the fifty strongest large and medium-sized cities in China in terms of comprehensive economic strength. The agricultural economy of Tangshan has been developing in an all-round way. Its per capita possessed output of cereals, edible oil, meat, eggs, aquatic products and vegetables is more than the average level in Hebei Province, as well as in China. The industrial economy of Tangshan is undergoing sustained and rapid development. Tangshan is called "The Cradle of Chinese Modern Industry" because China's first modernized coal mine, the first section of standard gauged railway lines, the first steam locomotive, the first pack of cement and the first piece of sanitary ware ceramic were all originally built or made in Tangshan. Through more than 100 years of development, Tangshan has become the industrial base of China for the production of energy and raw materials, with coal, iron & steel, power, building materials, machinery, chemical industry, ceramics, textile, paper-making and food stuff as its ten pillar industries. A lot of large-sized and medium-sized enterprises of Tangshan hold important positions among the same trades in the country, such as Kailuan Coal Mine, Tangshan Iron & Steel Company, Tangshan General Power Plant, Bohai Cement Group, Napu Salt Works, Tangshan Ceramic Group, Tangshan Sanyou Group, Tangshan Gears Plant, Tangshan Rolling Stock Plant, and so on. 
      Tangshan is speeding up its pace of implementing the strategy of "export-oriented economy bringing along the others" and the city has become the hot spot for foreign businessmen to make investment in. So far, foreign businessmen coming from 40 countries and regions. The investors include a number of well-known and influential big companies in the world, such as Cheung Kong China Infrastructure Limited HongKong, China Travel Service, Bank of China (HongKong), China Merchants Holdings Co. Ltd., Taiwan Top Valve Co.Ltd., Sithe Energies Group (U.S.A.), Panda Energy Inc.(U.S.A.), Long-Airdox Inc. (U.S.A.), Deutsche Babcock, French Danone, Tang Freres S.A.(France), Japanese Panasonic, Itochu, Toyota, Asin, NGK, etc. Tangshan has more than 500 enterprises whose products have entered foreign markets involving more than 130 countries and regions, with its export products consisting of 39 categories and more than 270 kinds. Tangshan City has established sister city relationship with Malmo City in Sweden, Sakata City in Japan, Lincoln City in England and Cedar Rapids in America. 
      Through 20 year's of construction and development since the catastrophic earthquake in 1976, great changes have taken place in Tangshan in terms of infrastructure and urban appearance and environment. The completely constructed urban area has reached 16.1 square metres, and the per capita living space is 9.8 square metres. Such coverage rate as tap water supply, central heating supply and gas supply stands at the forefront among the large and medium-sized cities in the country. In 1990, Tangshan was awarded by the United Nations, for its remarkable achievements in improving the living conditions of the people. Within the region of Tangshan, there are three arterial railways running through from the west to the east and five feeder railways and local railways crossing from the north to the south. A highway network has formed with the three State Highways named Beijing-Yushu H.W., Tangshan-Qinhuangdao H.W., and Beijing-Tangshan H.W. as its arterial. The three express ways respectively named Beijing-Shenyang, Tangshan-Tianjin and Tangshan-Jingtang Port are connected in Tangshan. A modern land communication and transportation system has come into being. As for seaway transportation, three ports are within its easy reach, with Qinhuangdao Port to the east, Tianjing Xingang Port to the west, and Jingtang Port in the middle. Tangshan's post and telecommunications system offers excellent service which makes it possible to dial directly to every city in China and 182 countries and regions in the world. 
      At present, utilizing its existing economic foundations and favorable conditions, Tangshan is firmly carrying out the strategies of opening up to the outside world, enlivening the city by developing science and education, and making sustainable development, in order to achieve the three big breakthroughs in opening up to both home and abroad, adjusting economic structure and improving science and technology. By the year of 2010, Tangshan will basically realize its modernization. Tangshan is showing its glory again thanks to such advantages it enjoys as neighboring Beijing and Tianjin, Circum-Bohai Bay, abundant in resources and being a strong economic city.

 
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